By Vivienne Brophy
2000 years in the past the roman architect Marcus Vitruvius Pollio wrote the 10 books on structure developing the idea that of the trend publication providing layout rules and recommendations that continues to be stated in each architects schooling. A eco-friendly Vitruvius is meant as a eco-friendly trend booklet for at the present time. Now totally up to date, this good demonstrated textbook presents recommendation compatible for undergraduate and put up graduate scholars at the integration of sustainable perform into the layout and building procedure, the problems to be thought of, the innovations to be followed, the weather of eco-friendly layout and layout assessment in the strategy. vintage layout splendor is located within the holistic transparent answer.
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Extra info for A Green Vitruvius: Principles and Practice of Sustainable Architectural Design
Equipment specification should include load management systems with control devices that optimise the electricity tariff. • Heating and cooling systems should incorporate building energy management systems (BEMS). • Electric lighting should use energy-efficient lamps and ballasts, and appropriate automatic lighting control systems. • Radiant systems can reduce the energy needed to heat large spaces with highly intermittent use. • Low temperature local district heating/cooling systems can be integrated with waste energy from other sources or renewable energies.
In cool climates choose favourable solar orientations for streets and open spaces. Where possible, prevent surrounding vegetation or structures from overshadowing solar collection areas in the heating season. In warm climates, on the other hand, existing shade can be exploited. • Remember the effects of surface materials at ground level. Stone, brick, concrete and similar materials with high thermal capacity form a heat store which can contribute to high air temperatures. Water can have a cooling effect through evaporation, as can vegetation through shading and evapo-transpiration.
Minimise the use of skips and other convenient general waste ‘magnets’. • Informing the contractor of his or her responsibilities on site during the construction phase. The development of a waste management strategy should address the reduction through careful handling of materials and sorting of waste for re-use or recycling. In Sweden it has been calculated that the construction of a ten-storey building generates waste equivalent to one full storey. However, the development of more sustainable practices for construction and demolition wastes is heavily dependent on the existence of handling facilities and of a market for recycled materials.