By John M. Keegan
A Reference Grammar of Mbay offers a superior advent to the grammars of Mbay, a Central-Sudanic languuge of the Sara kinfolk defined in a Dictionary of Mbay through an identical writer. it truly is in response to broad box study one of the Mbay in Chad throughout the interval info for the dictionary used to be accumulated. The grammar is diveded into 8 sections. the 1st 5 describe the phonology and morphology. First. segmental phonology is defined, and an intensive rationalization and justification of the writing procedure is equipped, through an outline of tone and vowel size. the second one part treats morpheme constitution, with emphasis at the canonical and harmonic constraints which restrict the form of Mbay morphemes. The inflectional paradigms are defined within the 3rd part, and this is often within the fourth through a proof of the phonological swap linked to inflection, with emphasis on an outline of the differing kinds of tonal switch. part 5 treats the restricted notice formation procedures present in the language. part six via 8 deal with Mbay syntax. part six describes the constitution and makes use of of the various different types and subcategories, and comprises descriptions of alienable/inalienable nouns, verb element, serial verbs, adjectival makes use of of verbs and nouns, and many of the makes use of of ideophones, specifiers and compleentizers. part seven offers with observe order, describing sentence order in addition to the constitution of the noun, verb and prepositional word. integrated during this part are a few particular constructions and expressions. quite often, the outline contained in those sections makes an attempt to be wide in scope, and contains explanatations of ways to precise universal techniques (e.g. life, impersonal expression, comparability, superlative, etx.) in addition to fascinating points of Mbay syntax which go beyond person different types (eg. the proposal of 'standing/ sitting/lying').
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Additional resources for A reference grammar of Mbay
As the discussion in Deutscher (2008) suggests, the transition from stage 0 to stage I appears to involve a process that is more complex that has hitherto been assumed; more research is required on this issue. 3 Stage II: Mixed morphosyntax The nominal structure is gradually intruded by a clausal syntax. At this stage, the complement clause is still determined by nominal structures but there are now elements of clausal morphosyntax that are also found in finite clauses, such as the ones listed in (14).
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