Download Acid in the Environment-Lessons Learned and Future Prospects by Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw PDF

By Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

This e-book is the results of a convention held biannually on the Goodwin-Niering middle for Conservation Biology and Environmental reports at Connecticut university. It makes use of an interdisciplinary method of concentrate on very important ecological affects of acid deposition, the transboundary nature of the pollution that reason acid rain, and household and overseas rules designed to lessen the emission of those toxins. The ebook combines study findings and the coverage analyses of specialists from varied educational disciplines with the positions complex via representatives of varied nongovernmental enterprises (NGOs). as the quantity explores many features of the acid rain factor, will probably be of curiosity to a various viewers that incorporates researchers, scholars, involved voters, coverage analysts, and individuals of NGOs and executive enterprises who may well use the textual content as history for dialogue referring to the technological know-how and coverage of acid deposition.

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Additional info for Acid in the Environment-Lessons Learned and Future Prospects

Sample text

Fish populations in streams and lakes should recover in 5-10 years following the recovery of the macro-invertebrates and zooplankton, which serve as food sources (Gunn and Mills 1998). It is possible that, with improved chemical conditions and the return of other members of the aquatic food web, the stocking of streams and lakes could help to accelerate the recovery of fish. Terrestrial recovery is even more difficult to project than aquatic recovery. Given the life span of trees and the delay in the response of soil to decreases in acidic deposition, it is reasonable to suggest that decades will be required for affected trees on sensitive sites to recover once chemical conditions in the soil are restored.

S. gov/castnet/) and at 13 other sites by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration AIRMON-dry Network. Cloud and fog deposition has been monitored for limited periods at selected high-elevation sites, largely by independent researchers. Dry and cloud deposition patterns are extremely variable over space and time, making it difficult to characterize patterns. Therefore, even though cloud and dry deposition comprise a significant proportion of total deposition, this report primarily presents general patterns and trends of wet deposition.

In the acid deposition program, research on potential health effects focused mainly on the potential health effects of acidified ground and surface water leaching metals out of municipal water systems. This turned out, however, to be largely a hypothetical concern. Interestingly, integrated assessment models done at the time identified potential health consequences as a major concern in policy formulation, although their probabihty of occurrence was understood to be quite low. In large part, this was because such models could quantify in economic terms the health impacts in terms of treatment costs and lost income, but could not quantify at all the consequences of losses in ecosystems and their services in economic terms.

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