By Shadpour E. Mallakpour, George B. Butler (auth.), Bill M. Culbertson, James E. McGrath (eds.)
"Polymer technological know-how and Engineering: demanding situations, wishes, and Opportunities," a record issued in 1981 via the nationwide study Council's advert hoc Panel on Polymer technological know-how and Engineering provides plentiful aid for the pressing desire of elevated dedication to simple experiences on polymers. wishes and possibilities, pointed out within the Panel's record, incorporated polymerization tools, uniqueness polymers, excessive functionality fabrics, and in situ (reaction injection molding) polymerization for direct conversion of monomers/oligomers to valuable shapes. basically, in these kinds of and several components, advances in polymer synthesis are wanted. no matter if one takes a glance on the commodity or forte polymers quarter or considers parts of transforming into wishes, similar to polymers for the automobile, aerospace, electronics, communications, separations, packaging, biomedical, etc., advances in polymer synthesis are wanted. Polymeric fabrics, as they're regularly being transformed and superior, fine-tuned for present and extra wishes, and extra without problems followed via and the general public, can have a drastically increasing effect on daily life. even though, loss of long term aid of significant measurement for easy learn on all features of polymer chemistry and engineering, with specific emphasis on making wanted advances in polymer synthesis, may perhaps good stunt the expansion of excessive techn.ology in our kingdom. increasing this proposal, loss of consciousness to simple learn on polymer synthesis may well aid foster or insure that we can't have fabrics with functionality profiles to satisfy specifications of rising applied sciences and nationwide wishes, in a pretty monetary and well timed fashion.
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Additional info for Advances in Polymer Synthesis
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A polyamide having a melting point of 170° and thread- forming properties was made from the salt. When dimethyl 2,5-furan di- carboxylate was reacted with hexamethylenediamine to effect polymerization, a polyamide was produced with a melting point of 175° and fiber-forming properties. Interfacial polycondensation of 2,5-furan dicarbonyl chloride with hexamethylenediamine, octamethylenediamine and decamethylenediamine resulted in the formation of polymers with melting points of 155°, 125°, and 130°, respectively.
Interfacial polymerization was employed 13 to produce aromatic poly- esters from 2,5-furan dicarbonyl dichloride with various bis-phenols such as resorcinol, pyrocatechol, hydroquinone, and 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane. 17, respectively, when the polymerization solvent was benzene at 25° with two equivalents of sodium hydroxide. In a more in-depth study, this same polyester was prepared 14 interfacially in an aqueous-organic medium using potassium hydroxide as the base, but reaction conditions were varied to optimize polymer yield and dilute solution-viscosity.