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By Ulla Koskinen

This publication investigates the kinds that the aggression and violence of peasant elites might absorb early smooth Fennoscandia, and their function inside society. The members spotlight the social stratification, internal divisions, contradictions and conflicts of the peasant groups, but in addition be aware of the elite as leaders of resistance opposed to the experts. With the formation of extra centralised states, the elites’ prestige and room for business enterprise lowered, yet neighborhood and temporal diversifications have been nice during this particularly drawn-out method, and there nonetheless remained numerous beneficial contexts for his or her enterprise. although the peasant elite was once now not a homogenous entity, the chapters during this assortment current us one uniting function – the peasant elites’ tendency to say themselves with an lively and competitive supplier, no matter if this ended in very assorted outcomes.

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Additional resources for Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700

Example text

However, as Reinholdsson argues, the aristocratic feuds often involved the peasantry. , peasants), who had fought alongside these nobles. The only exception to Henrik’s offer of reconciliation was Alv Knutsson since he apparently still had many accusations against Henrik (vnden taghen then skylling her Alff Knwtssøn sigher sigh at haffua til mik). 16 Imsen deliberately omits the term oprør (“revolt”) to describe these outbreaks. Like Sandnes, he sticks to the more general term bondemotstand or “peasant resistance”.

Amund Sigurdsson was treated as an equal with legitimate interests, whereas Hallvard Grey Hair was clearly designated as a traitor by the authorities. Nevertheless, there was substantial flexibility in resolving many of the conflicts between state and peasantry, and the state usually strove to find the most peaceful solutions by using the same kind of conciliation tactics that were used to resolve feuding. The Struggle for the Norwegian Throne (1448–1450) In 1448–1450, the Swedish regent Charles (Karl Knutsson Bonde) managed to mobilise a large number of the Norwegian peasant elite together with the lower stratum of the lay aristocracy in his struggle for the Norwegian throne.

The Power State of 16th and 17th Century Scandinavia (Odense: Odense University Press), pp. 19–27; Gustafsson, Harald (2006) ‘A State that Failed? On the Union of Kalmar, Especially its Dissolution’, Scandinavian Journal of History 31: 3/4, 205–217; Gustafsson, Harald (2007) Nordens historia.  84–88. 30.  17–19, 60–61; Rian, Øystein (1992) ‘Den frie og stolte norske bonden. ) Lokalsamfunn og øvrighet i Norden ca. 1550–1750 (Oslo: Norsk lokalhistorisk institutt), pp. 117–126; Dyrvik 1995, pp. 123–125; Imsen, Steinar (1997) ‘Communalism and State-­ Building in Norway, 1537–1648’, Scandinavian Journal of History 22:1, 21–29; Alnæs 2002, pp.

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