By David Groome
"An creation to Cognitive Psychology: strategies and issues" is a complete introductory textbook for undergraduate scholars. The 3rd variation of this well-established textual content has been thoroughly revised and up to date to hide the entire key components of cognition, together with belief, awareness, reminiscence, pondering and language. Uniquely, along chapters on basic cognitive functionality, there are chapters on similar scientific problems (agnosia, amnesia, proposal illness and aphasia) which aid to supply a radical perception into the character of cognition.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology: Processes and Disorders
This chapter will provide an overview of a number of theories and will attempt to reconcile the different theories to give an impression of how perception ‘works’. 1, is an excellent illustration of a problem that lies at the very heart of the process of perception. Little Red Riding Hood is fooled, and ultimately eaten (although there is a happy ending) by a wolf that tricks her, masquerading as her grandmother. ) is how do we recognise an object such as a chair or our grandmother? Just as importantly, how do we recognise when an object has changed and granny has, for instance, been replaced by a scheming and very hungry wolf?
For example, amnesic patients often reveal evidence of previous learning of which they have no conscious recollection. Mandler (1989) has argued that it is usually not the memory trace which is lost, but the patient’s ability to bring it into consciousness. These studies of amnesia will also be discussed further in Chapter 7. , 2007). This phenomenon is known as blindsight, and it will be examined in more detail in Chapter 4. Autism is another disorder which has shed light on the nature of consciousness, because autistic individuals appear to lack some of the characteristics of conscious processing.
Information must be encoded in some representational or symbolic form, which may bear no direct resemblance to the material being encoded. ), or even as notes written on a piece of paper. It does not matter what form of storage is used, so long as you have the equipment to encode and decode the information. There have been many theories about the way information might be represented and stored in the brain, including early suggestions that information could be stored in magnetic form (Lashley, 1950) or in chemical form (Hyden, 1967).