Download An Introduction to Human Physiology by D. F. Horrobin (auth.) PDF

By D. F. Horrobin (auth.)

to Human body structure D. F. Horrobin released by means of MTP Press constrained SI. Leonard's residence, Lancaster, England Copyright © 1973, D. F. Horrobin ISBN-13: 978. . ()-85200-048-9 e-ISBN-13: 978-94-010-2349-8 001: 10. 1007/978-94-010-2349-8 First released 1973 No a part of this publication could be reproduced in any shape with out permission from the publishers aside from the citation of short passages for the aim of overview Reprinted 1975 and 1976 through the Blackburn instances Press, Northgate, Blackburn BBZ lAB Contents advent 2 the upkeep of a continuing inner surroundings 7 21 three Biochemistry The frightened method forty five four The Endocrine approach five seventy nine The physique Fluids and Blood 6 ninety three 7 movement one hundred and five eight The breathing approach 119 nine The Kidneys and Urinary Tract 129 10 The Alimentary Tract 137 eleven The Reproductive approach one hundred forty five 12 Responses of the total physique 159 An advent to Human body structure Author's Preface in lots of fie1dliof research it's obscure the sig­ nificance of the half prior to one is familiar with the full. but one can't comprehend the entire with no previous realizing of the components. The drawback is without doubt one of the so much tough difficulties to be solved through the trainer and in no topic is it extra very important than in body structure. In body structure greater than in such a lot matters the half serves the complete and the total serves the components in a very in detail built-in manner.

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3 The main biochemical functions of the liver not discussed in this section. Protein metabolism 1. Deamination of proteins, and manufacture of urea from ammonia. 2. Synthesis of plasma proteins. 3. Synthesis of non-essential amino acids. Carbohydrate metabolism I. Synthesis and storage of glycogen and regulation of blood glucose. 2. Oxidation of carbohydrate. 3. Conversion of carbohydrate to fat. Lipid metabolism I. Synthesis of fatty acids and phospholipids. 2. Oxidation of fats. Nucleic acid metabolism I.

They must therefore be supplied in the food and are known as essential amino acids. 2 Essential and non-essential amino acids. Essential Non-essential Arginine Histidine Leucine Isoleucine Lysine Methionine Phenylalanine Threonine Tryptophan Valine Alanine Aspartic acid Cystine Glutamic acid Glycine Hydroxyproline Proline Serine Tyrosine Cysteine Hydroxylysine Protein is sometimes said to be of high biological value when it contains all the essential amino acids and of low biological value when one or more of the essential acids are missing.

The brain may also be damaged, resulting in lethargy, loss of appetite and memory loss. In developed countries, beri beri is likely to occur only in chronic alcoholics who gain all their calories from alcohol and who eat no proper food. In the 'wet' form of beri beri, the main organ to suffer is the heart. This cannot pump blood around the body effectively. As a result the kidneys fail to excrete fluid normally and large amounts of water accumulate in the form of oedema. With pellagra, the early signs of the disease are seen in the skin and in the lining of the gut.

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