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By Charles B. Cushman

What does Congress do? How does it do it? Why is it this sort of advanced establishment? This concise primer deals scholars and common readers a short and systematic advent to Congress and the position it performs within the US political process. Drawing on his event as a former Congressional employees member, the writer explores different political natures of the home and Senate, examines Congress's interplay with different branches of the government, and appears forward to the family and international demanding situations which are prone to force the Congressional time table for many years to return. The publication offers revealing insights into the sometimes-contradictory Congressional obligations of illustration and lawmaking; oversight and appropriation; and dealing with and organizing the govt. It encompasses a case examine (on the formation of the dept of fatherland defense) that sheds mild on Congress's often-complicated methods. The publication additionally comprises boxed gains on Congressional motion - highlighting such subject matters as dossier sharing and pupil loans - that express scholars how Congress's paintings impacts their lives. Chapter-ending lists of net assets upload to the book's usefulness.

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While the legislative branch would debate and pass laws, they could not take effect until the president, the chief executive, signed them, and they must pass constitutional muster, governed by the courts. In other words, the Framers went beyond crafting a government with separation of powers; they “created a system of separated institutions sharing powers”—and “sometimes competing for”64 control over the powers of government. Based on their English heritage, the Framers saw the legislative branch as the key to this new federal government.

What were the two lessons of the period from the Civil War through the Glorious Revolution that shaped how the Framers’ generation thought about government? The first lesson was the political result of the Civil War and the Glorious Revolution: a theory of self-government—one consented to by the citizenry, a limited government of checks and balances. This became the underpinning of both English and later American thinking about politics, giving the Framers their central ideas about how to frame the Constitution they devised in 1787.

Parliament declared the throne vacant and offered the crown to William and Mary. They accepted the offer and assumed control of the government. 41 The political effects of the Glorious Revolution of 1688–1690 brought the House of Commons to the fore and began the process of creating a true constitutional monarchy in England. William II had not been required to accept limits on his power before he took the throne, but at his coronation ceremony, a Declaration of Rights was read. ”42 William III and Mary II ushered in the beginning of the modern monarchy, limited in scope and restricted by a return to the traditional English constitution, based on the common law and cooperation between the king, Lords, and Commons.

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