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By Professor Panayiotis Tzamalikos

This booklet offers a ground-breaking exposition of Anaxagoras' legacy to Classical and past due Antiquity, severely assessing Aristotle's distorted illustration of Anaxagoras. Origen, previously a Greek thinker of observe, is put within the historical past of philosophy for the 1st time. by means of drawing on his Anaxagorean historical past, and being the 1st to restore the Anaxagorean thought of Logoi, Origen prepared the ground to Nicaea.

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One would have thought that Asclepius was somehow facetious while making this comment: however, he meant every word of that. ⁵⁶ Asclepius wrote this as a comment on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, 993a23 (ἀλλὰ ταῦτα μὲν ἄλλου λέγοντος), but he distorted Aristotle once again: for the latter had only written about Empedocles, ‘If anyone else had stated this, he would have agreed, but his own statement is unclear’ (in this context,  Asclepius of Tralles, op. cit. p. 61.  Asclepius of Tralles, loc.

16: καὶ οἱ μὲν αὐτῶν κατέλιπον ὑπομνήματα, οἱ δ᾿ ὅλως οὐ συνέγραψαν, ὥσπερ κατά τινας Σωκράτης, Στίλπων, Φίλιππος, Μενέδημος, Πύρρων, Θεόδωρος, Καρνεάδης, Βρύσων· κατά τινας Πυθαγόρας, ᾿Aρίστων ὁ Χῖος, πλὴν ἐπιστολῶν ὀλίγων· οἱ δὲ ἀνὰ ἓν σύγγραμμα· Μέλισσος, Παρμενίδης, ᾿Aναξαγόρας· πολλὰ δὲ Ζήνων, πλείω Ξενοφάνης, πλείω Δημόκριτος, πλείω ᾿Aριστοτέλης, πλείω Ἐπίκουρος, πλείω Χρύσιππος. However, beyond his Physics (Φυσικά) mentioned by Simplicius, we know that Anaxagoras wrote at least one more book entitled Ἱμὰς (Girdle), which contained arguments that perplexed its readers.

7. It will be shown that he was an Anaxagorean philosopher, for which Proclus rebucked him as an ‘anti-Platonist’ (Theologia Platonica, v. 2, p. 31). It is all but coincidence that Origen as incipient Christian entitled one of his very first Christian works On the First Principles, which was a title used by several Greeks but by no Christian author.  Eusebius uses the verb διήρθρωσε (Past Tense of the verb διαρθρόω), which means an articulate composition of a work forming an organic whole. ⁴⁷ However, some authors reported that it was Hermotimus that had first mentioned the Mind being the first cause before Anaxagoras did so.

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