Download Ancient Philosophy: A New History of Western Philosophy by Anthony Kenny PDF

By Anthony Kenny

Sir Anthony Kenny right here tells the attention-grabbing tale of the beginning of philosophy and its striking flourishing within the old Mediterranean global. this can be the preliminary quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new historical past of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author historical past of philosophy to seem in decades.
Ancient Philosophy spans over one thousand years and brings to existence the nice minds of the earlier, from Thales, Pythagoras, and Parmenides, to Socrates, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, and Augustine. The book's nice advantage is that it really is written by way of one of many world's major experts at the topic. rather than an uncritical, straight forward recitation of recognized facts--Plato and his cave of shadows, Aristotle's ethics, Augustine's urban of God--we see the main philosophers during the eyes of a guy who has spent a life-time considering their paintings. therefore we don't easily get an outline of Aristotle, for instance, yet a penetrating and insightful critique of his suggestion. Kenny bargains an illuminating account of some of the faculties of suggestion, from the Pre-Socratics to the Epicureans. He examines the advance of good judgment and cause, historical rules approximately physics ("how issues happen"), metaphysics and ethics, and the earliest puzzling over the soul and god.
Vividly written, yet severe and deep adequate to provide a real knowing of the good philosophers, Kenny's lucid and stimulating heritage turns into the definitive paintings for a person drawn to the folks and concepts that formed the process Western proposal.

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The nineteenth-century German idealist Hegel, who was a great admirer of Heraclitus, used the same marine metaphor to express an opposite judgement. When we reach Heraclitus after the Xuctuating speculations of the earlier Presocratics, Hegel wrote, we come at last in sight of land. ’5 Heraclitus, like Descartes and Kant in later ages, saw himself as making a completely new start in philosophy. L. 9. 1). But, again like Descartes and Kant, Heraclitus was more inXuenced by his predecessors than he realized.

Everything, he said, is in motion, and nothing stays still; the world is like a Xowing stream. If we step into the same river twice, we cannot put our feet twice into the same water, since the water is not the same two moments together (KRS 214). That seems true enough, but on the face of it Heraclitus went too far when he said that we cannot even step twice into the same river (Plato, Cra. 402a). Taken literally, this seems false, unless we take the criterion of identity for a river to be the body of water it contains rather than the course it Xows.

L. 2. 22). The nineteenth-century German idealist Hegel, who was a great admirer of Heraclitus, used the same marine metaphor to express an opposite judgement. When we reach Heraclitus after the Xuctuating speculations of the earlier Presocratics, Hegel wrote, we come at last in sight of land. ’5 Heraclitus, like Descartes and Kant in later ages, saw himself as making a completely new start in philosophy. L. 9. 1). But, again like Descartes and Kant, Heraclitus was more inXuenced by his predecessors than he realized.

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