By Rashed, Roshdi
Das vierte Buch der Kegelschnitte besteht aus zwei Teilen, deren erster eine Theorie der Pole und der Polare darlegt; der zweite behandelt die Zahl der Schnitt- und Ber??hrungspunkte beim Kegelschnitt. Das Buch struggle bisher nur in einer sehr fehlerhaften model einer griechischen Rezension des Eutokios bekannt. Roshdi Rashed legt nun erstmals die variation einer arabischen ?bersetzung vor, deren Vorlage von dieser griechischen Textfassung unabh?¤ngig ist. Es handelt sich um eine wertvolle Wiederentdeckung, die daher auch in einem eigenen Band ver?¶ffentlicht wird. Er beinhaltet die editio princeps der arabischen model, eine genaue ?bersetzung und einen historisch-mathematischen Kommentar.
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Extra resources for Apollonius de Perge, Coniques: Tome 2.2: Livre IV. Commentaire historique et mathématique, Édition et traduction du texte arabe (Apollonius De Perge, ... Scientia Graeco-Arabica) (French Edition)
A n a x a g o r a s was also called sophistes b y D i o d o r u s ( 1 2 . 3 9 , D K , 59 A 1 7 ) . F o r A n a x a g o r a s ' s b o o k sec v o l . 11, 3 3 4 269. 30 The Meaning of'Sophistes' (demos) sophistes', is uttered in the same tone of incredulity b y Hippolytus in Euripides (Hipp. 921) of a man who could make fools wise. So the noun occurs with an objective genitive meaning a deviser or contriver ( Ί became a sophistes of many calamities', Eur. Heracl. 993). Hence the sense of expert, pundit, for instance in mathematics.
3 2 ' Demotes' and the Sophists 1 by Kratos as a duller sophistes than Zeus. ' Sophocles was an exact contemporary of Protagoras, and in him the word could have been coloured b y the appearance on the scene of Sophists as a professional class. Aristophanes too was well aware of their existence when he satirized sophists in the Clouds, but still used the word in a more general sense, in which it could include (for those who disapproved of him) Socrates, although he took no fees and is constantly represented b y Plato as the Sophists' inveterate opponent.
1 3 ) . This was how philosophy had been regarded hitherto, especially in the Pythagorean school, of which Plato certainly, and Socrates probably, was an admirer. The complex Socratic-Platonic concept of eros, a sublimated homosexual love, will also have been at work. (&) Inter-city status The Sophists, then, were disliked for different reasons both by philo sophers like Socrates and Plato and by leading citizens like Anytus. The odium which they incurred in the eyes of the establishment was not only due to the subjects they professed; their own status was against them.