By Mark J. Edwards, Martin Goodman, Simon Price, Chris Rowland
This ebook is a entire survey of the discussion among pagans, Jews, and Christians within the Roman empire as much as the time whilst Constantine declared himself a Christian. each one bankruptcy is written by way of a exceptional student and is dedicated to a unmarried textual content or workforce of texts with the purpose of deciding upon the possible viewers, the literary milieu, and the conditions that ended in this way of writing.
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Extra info for Apologetics in the Roman Empire: Pagans, Jews, and Christians
36 Loveday Alexander two court appearances before Felix and Festus (chs. 21±6). This is the section of the narrative which most clearly depicts the apostle on trial before a Roman tribunal, culminating with the famous `appeal to Caesar' and the journey to Rome (chs. 27±8). This is the most obviously `apologetic' section of the book: ®ve of Acts' six occurrences of the verb apologeomai and both its occurrences of the noun apologia appear in these chapters. Paul is given three substantial speeches (22: 3±21; 24: 10±21; 26: 2±23) and a short but trenchant declaration of his own innocence (25: 8), as well as signi®cant amounts of dialogue with assorted Roman ocials.
9) and once in an earlier speech (ch. 22): again, Luke uses apologetic speech both to break down the generic barriers between speech and narrative and to sharpen the theological focus of the debate. The crucial point at issue in Paul's trial, as it emerges from the speech, is not legal but theological: And now I stand here on trial for hope in the promise made by God to our fathers, to which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly worship night and day. And for this hope I am accused by Jews, O king!
Luke is elsewhere curiously silent about this `apostolic council'. 34 Cf. Witherup, `Cornelius'. ' (11: 17). And the essential force of the argument, revealingly, is the conviction produced in the characters by the supernatural events which the narrative describes. Paul, by contrast, though he does give great weight to his own visionary experience as the foundation for his mission (Gal. 37 Disputes with the Jewish community (Type II apologetic) take up a much larger proportion of the Acts narrative, with a number of formal trial scenes providing opportunity for apologetic speeches of this type.