By Michael V. Wedin
Michael Wedin argues opposed to the present proposal that Aristotle's perspectives at the nature of fact are essentially inconsistent. in keeping with Wedin's new interpretation, the variation among the early conception of the Categories and the later conception of the Metaphysics displays the truth that Aristotle is engaged in fairly varied tasks within the works--the previous concentrating on ontology, and the afterward explanation.
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Additional resources for Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta (Oxford Aristotle Studies)
It appears, then, that Rohr's maneuver will not take the sting out of ASP. Even had the immediate proposal worked, it would still have to deal with the substance cases in (5) and (5a)—the very cases Owen used to generate ASP. Unfortunately, Rohr is silent on how to deal with the alleged ‘primary’–‘secondary’ ambiguity Owen registered in (6). ” If the demand is compelling, which is anything but clear, we may resort to usual tools of quantiﬁcation. For surely none would ﬁnd ‘substance’ to be ambiguous in 7.
Then we can say that Gn is said∐of Socrates, where Gn is the penultimate genus. However, the ultimate genus, Gs, is not said∐of anything. It is simply the genus that can't be replaced in favor of a further differentia + genus complex; that is, Gs is the genus that has no deﬁnition. In the case at hand, of course, this genus is just substance. On this second way out, nothing prevents our saying that the 0−level individuals have been sorted properly and appropriately, starting with their 0−level synonymy groups and proceeding upward via TR, precisely when we reach the ineliminable generic terms preceded by the differ− entiae that remain after the subordinate genera have been eliminated.
If there is not, then the admissible questions are just those that generate answers corresponding to the categories. But this merely begs the question. Further, all things about which we can ask the same question fall into the same category. There is no more ﬁne-grained way to group them, at least none that is relevant to establishing the categories. In particular, there is no interesting connection between MO and the generation of the categories themselves. For even if one said that MO's said-of relation provides a ﬁner-grained way to group individuals, this is not reﬂected in Ackrill's ﬁrst way.