By Alkire R.S., Kolb D.M., Lipkowski J. (eds.)
Content material: Preface AMPEROMETRIC BIOSENSORS advent standards for "Good" Biosensor examine Defining a regular for Characterizing Biosensor Performances luck tales in Biosensor examine end IMAGING OF unmarried BIOMOLECULES via SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY creation Interfacial Electron move in Molecular and Protein movie Voltammetry Theoretical Notions in Bioelectrochemistry in the direction of the Single-Molecule point In Situ Imaging of Bio-related Molecules and Linker Molecules for Protein Voltammetry with Single-Molecule and Sub-molecular answer Imaging of Intermediate-Size organic constructions: Lipid Membranes and Insulin Interfacial Electrochemistry and In Situ Imaging of Redox Metalloproteins and Metalloenzymes on the Single-Molecule point a few Concluding Observations and Outlooks functions OF NEUTRON REFLECTIVITY IN BIOELECTROCHEMISTRY advent Theoretical elements of Neutron Scattering Experimental elements chosen Examples precis and destiny features version LIPID BILAYERS AT ELECTRODE SURFACES creation Biomimetic Membranes: Scope and requisites Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Formation of Lipid movies in Biomimetic Membranes numerous forms of Biomimetic Membranes Conclusions ENZYMATIC gas CELLS advent Bioanodes for Glucose Oxidation Biocathodes Assembled Biofuel Cells Conclusions and destiny Outlook RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY OF BIOMOLECULES AT ELECTRODE SURFACES creation Raman Spectroscopy SERS and Surface-Enhanced Resonant Raman Spectroscopy comparability of SE(R)RS and Fluorescence for organic reviews Surfaces for SERS Plasmonic Surfaces SERS Surfaces for Electrochemistry Tip-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy SE(R)RS of Biomolecules end MEMBRANE ELECTROPORATION IN excessive electrical FIELDS advent Electrodeformation and Electroporation of Membranes within the Fluid section reaction of Gel-Phase Membranes results of Membrane Inclusions and Media at the reaction and balance of Fluid Vesicles in electrical Fields program of Vesicle Electroporation Conclusions and Outlook ELECTROPORATION FOR scientific USE IN DRUG AND GENE ELECTROTRANSFER advent an inventory of Definitions How We comprehend Permeabilization on the mobile and Tissue point uncomplicated facets of Electroporation which are of specific value for scientific Use the right way to carry electrical Pulses in sufferer remedy remedy and Post-treatment administration medical effects with Electrochemotherapy Use in inner Organs Gene Electrotransfer Conclusions
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Additional info for Bioelectrochemistry : fundamentals, applications and recent developments
For representative recent reviews see [70, 227, 228]. A fuel cell generally converts chemical energy into electrical energy in a continuous process as long as fuel is supplied. 12. Typically, enzyme-based biofuel cells consist of at least one enzyme electrode on either the cathode or anode side of the fuel cell or enzyme electrodes on both the cathode and the anode sides. 12 Principle of biofuel cells. 31 32 1 Amperometric Biosensors designs in which the cathode and anode reactions proceed in a single compartment.
3 Modiﬁcation of Biomolecules with Nanomaterials The direct modiﬁcation of biomolecules with nanomaterials resulting in biomolecule–nanomaterial hybrids offers interesting possibilities for biosensing. Gold nanoparticles can be used to immobilize enzymes or other biorecognition elements on electrodes or other supports. However, in this case the nanoparticles often just function as a linker and the sensor architecture does not beneﬁt from a unique property due to nanometric dimensions. In contrast, the already mentioned unique optical properties of QDs make these materials well suited as ﬂuorescent labels in optical sensors [331, 332] really taking advantage of a nanofeature.
12 Principle of biofuel cells. 31 32 1 Amperometric Biosensors designs in which the cathode and anode reactions proceed in a single compartment. The typical reaction on the cathode side is the reduction of oxygen at either a platinum catalyst or an electrode. 3) or direct. Enzymes that have been employed in biofuel cells relying on direct ET include laccases [229, 230] which, however, suffer from a pH optimum in the acidic range and inhibition by halide ions. Thus, despite their favorable high potential for oxygen reduction they show poor stability in human tissue and ﬂuids.