By Steve Ellis
This booklet considers the literary building of what E. M. Forster calls 'the 1939 State', specifically the anticipation of the second one international battle among the Munich problem of 1938 and the top of the Phoney battle within the spring of 1940. Steve Ellis investigates not just myriad responses to the approaching conflict but in addition numerous peace goals and plans for post-war reconstruction defined by means of such writers as T. S. Eliot, H. G. Wells, J. B. Priestley, George Orwell, E. M. Forster and Leonard and Virginia Woolf. It argues that the paintings of those writers is illuminated via the apprehensive tenor of this era. the result's a unique learn of the 'long 1939' , which transforms readers' realizing of the literary heritage of the eve-of-war period
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Extra resources for British writers and the approach of World War II
Eliot and the Spiritual Revival 21 Moral Rearmament for all its spiritual rhetoric as essentially secular, but also populist, nationalistic, irrational and utopian. Thus, rather than society being powered by an elite ‘Community of Christians’ as outlined in Idea (pp. 62–9), Moral Rearmament is a mass movement in which, in the words of its founder Frank Buchman, ‘every man, woman and child must be enlisted’ (Austin, Moral Rearmament, p. 63). Austin thus assembles letters and statements of support from ‘Labour Leaders’ (mostly trades union bosses, including the chair of the Trades Union Congress [TUC]) who promote Moral Rearmament as ‘God’s great plan for mankind’, and thoroughly in line with ‘Labour’s conception of the brotherhood of man’ (pp.
Moreover there is little suggestion of his society having anything of the communitarian in Murry’s sense: deeply hierarchical, in spiritual terms, it would involve for the majority of its members an ‘ingrained’ and ‘largely unconscious’ Christian faith and behaviour, while a ‘much smaller number of conscious human beings, the Community of Christians’ would be expected to lead a ‘Christian life on its highest social level’ (Idea, p. 58). The call for a return to the land, or a reattachment to the soil, is conspicuous in the period leading up to World War II.
77). This necessary tension, between state and church, the national and universal church, patriotism and internationalism, the temporal and spiritual, nature and God, is unknown to the totalitarian outlook. Looking ahead six months from the publication of The Idea of a Christian Society to that of ‘East Coker’, we have in part i of the latter poem the vision of a vanished agricultural community with a ‘proper’ relation to the land but, as has been noted, one by no means glamorised by an Eliot who does not deal in ‘any idyllic picture of the rural parish, either present or past’ (Idea, p.