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177-94. 18. Hans Schwabl et alii, Grecs et barbares (Entretiens Hardt, vol. 8) (Geneva, 1962). E. Sikes, The Anthropology of the Greeks (London, 1914). 19. Baldry's work is an excellent summary of Greek attitudes toward the barbarians, from Homer to Alexander and beyond. C. Baldry, The Unity of Mankind in Greek Thought (Cambridge, 1965). 20. Havelock's work has been insufficiently appreciated. argues that: He ... early Ionian science included as a central element in its speculations a fairly coherent theory of the origins of human society, technology, and civilization, itself based on a theory of the development of man as a species out of previous species, a theory which can fairly be described as naturalist and evolutionary, in sharp contrast to the typological reasoning of Plato and Aristotle ....
Halliday, The Greek Questions of Plutarch (London, 1928), 209 fr. 34. See Florence Mary Bennett, Religious Cults Associated with the Amazons (New York, 1967), p. 18. 35. Diodorus Siculus 3. 69-70. 36. J. Bachofen, Myth, Religion, and Mother Right, trans. by R. Manheim (Princeton, 1967), on "Amazonism," the extreme form of the matriarchal stage of human evolution, pp. 104-6. 37. Dietrich von Bothmer, Amazons in Greek Art (Oxford, 1957). 38. , pI. 10 (Florence 3773). 39. , p. 91. 40. John Boardman, "Herakles, Peisistratos and Eleusis," JHS 45 (1975): 1-2, and "Herakles, Peisistratos and Sons," Revue Archeologique I (1972): 62.
Gradually, Amazons are shown in military genre scenes. In developed black-figure: Amazons are now shown in the same occupations as male warriors: they arm, set out for battle, return from it with their dead, lead horses, ride out, dismount, harness chariots, and drive chariots. 39 At this stage, the Amazons wore their characteristic foreign costume, a pajama-like garment, hatched or spotted, which covered their bodies. Their skin was shown as white, in contrast against the males' in black-figure painting.