By Cicero, Walter Miller
Cicero (Marcus Tullius, 106–43 BCE), Roman legal professional, orator, flesh presser and thinker, of whom we all know greater than of the other Roman, lived during the stirring period which observed the increase, dictatorship, and dying of Julius Caesar in a tottering republic. In his political speeches specially and in his correspondence we see the thrill, pressure and intrigue of politics and the half he performed within the turmoil of the time. Of approximately 106 speeches, brought ahead of the Roman humans or the Senate in the event that they have been political, earlier than jurors if judicial, fifty eight live on (a few of them incompletely). within the fourteenth century Petrarch and different Italian humanists came across manuscripts containing greater than 900 letters of which greater than 800 have been written by way of Cicero and approximately a hundred via others to him. those have the funds for a revelation of the guy all of the extra awesome simply because so much weren't written for book. Six rhetorical works live on and one other in fragments. Philosophical works comprise seven extant significant compositions and a few others; and a few misplaced. there's additionally poetry, a few unique, a few as translations from the Greek. The Loeb Classical Library version of Cicero is in twenty-nine volumes.
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Extra resources for Cicero, Volume XXI. On Duties (De Officiis): De Officiis (Loeb Classical Library No. 30)
Sequemur Graevius, Edd. sequimur MSS. *[a] ratione Ed. a ratione MSS. ratione Miiller. *Cicero's definifion must have followed here, something' like Omne igitur, quod ratione actum est officium appellamus Unger. ^ conformari Edd. confirmari MSS. e. fortified). ' ; ; ; ; 8 BOOK I. ii-iii schools should claim to be consistent, they could not say anything about duty ; and no fixed, invariable, natural rules of duty can be posited except by those say that moral goodness is worth seeking solely Accordingly, the teachits own sake.
And therefore such sharp practice is under all circumstances to be avoided. XI. Again, there are certain duties that we owe Our duty to even to those who have wronged us. For there is a wrongrd us^^^^ thus, — : limit to retribution and to am inclined to think, it is punishment ; or rather, I the aggressor should be brought to repent of his wrong-doing, in d2 $& sufficient that CICERO DE OFFICIIS ut et ipse ne quid tale posthac et ceteri sint ad iniuriam tardiores. Atque 34 Nam cum iura belli. unum maxime conservanda sunt in re publica sint duo genera decertandi, per disceptationem, alterum per vim, cumque illud proprium dum est sit hominis, hoc beluarum, confugien- ad posterius, si non uti superiore.
Difficilis tianus cura rerum alienarum. ille Chremes jf humani est Quamquam nihil enim Teren- a se alienura putat"; sed tamen, quia magis ea percipimus atque sentimus, quae nobis ipsis aut prospera aut adversa eveniunt, quam illa, quae ceteris, quae quasi longo intervallo interiecto videmus, aliter de ilHs ac nobis iudicamus. vetant quicquam agere, quod dubites iniquum. de Quocirca bene praecipiunt, qui aequum Aequitas enim lucet ipsa per sit an se, dubitatio cogitationem significat iniuriae. 31 X.