By Paul J. J. Welfens (auth.), Paul J.J. Welfens (eds.)
Information & communique know-how (ICT) and the automobile area are of an important industries within the ecu and the united states. The EU’s japanese growth and financial globalization have bolstered pageant at the one hand; nonetheless the significance of outsourcing and off-shoring has elevated. in contrast historical past the intensification of innovation dynamics turns into the most important – and with them the position of nearby innovation clusters. The research examines seven areas and 6 ecu nations. the focal point is on cluster and community dynamics in either industries, as nearby ICT clusters are taking part in an more and more crucial position in lots of ecu areas. Specialization and structural switch within the car region are highlighted, and new strategic techniques for multinational businesses and alterations in coverage innovations are identified.
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Additional resources for Clusters in Automotive and Information & Communication Technology: Innovation, Multinationalization and Networking Dynamics
The number of patent citations received shows a very strong position of Eindhoven in the subsequent table: Innovators in other European regions and countries rely on the accumulated digital knowledge of the Eindhoven (talent pool) region to some extent. London and Vienna are behind the region of Eindhoven. As regards Germany, it is interesting that the relatively young ICT region of the Bergisch City Triangle has already received more patent citations than Dortmund. As regards citations made—an indicator for the import of knowledge— Eindhoven is no.
The comparative perspective on selected European ICT regions has shown considerable differences across regions and countries. Despite the fact that the digital sector offers many opportunities for worldwide conveying of knowledge and innovations, it has become obvious that networking among ICT firms within a region is a crucial element of success. As the example of the Vienna Region shows, it may be assessed within less than a decade whether or not a digital regional policy initiative has been successful.
27 Mobility network ICT—London 1992–1999. Source: EIIW calculations of North-Rhine Westphalia and the respective region is missing so far. From this perspective, it may be argued that positive external effects of network building still have to be fully mobilized. While it may be argued that part of ICT dynamics in the 1 Regional Innovation and Cluster Policies in the New and Old Economy 33 Fig. 28 Relationship network ICT—Karlskrona 2000–2007. Source: EIIW calculations Fig. 29 Relationship network ICT—Karlskrona 1992–1999.