By Gerda Falkner, Oliver Treib, Miriam Hartlapp, Simone Leiber
What does ecu legislations actually suggest for the member states? This e-book provides the 1st encompassing and in-depth empirical learn of the results of 'voluntaristic' and (partly) 'soft' ecu regulations in all 15 member states. It examines ninety case reports throughout quite a number ecu Directives and clarifies modern matters in political technology, integration thought, and social coverage. The examine concludes that significant implementation mess ups be triumphant and that, so far, the ecu fee has now not been capable of correctly practice its keep an eye on functionality.
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Additional info for Complying with Europe: EU Harmonisation and Soft Law in the Member States (Themes in European Governance)
Additionally, were the parties in charge of implementation already in office by the time of the Directive’s adoption? And which is the government’s dominant ideology (pro-interventionist or market-oriented in social affairs)? (4) Finally, we look at whether the opposing actors have blocking power, either because they hold formal veto positions or because they are ‘powerful players’ (Strøm 2003) who can exert enough influence on the government to ensure that their concerns are taken into account.
Borzel ¨ (2000). 28 Complying with Europe. EU Harmonisation and Soft Law in the Member States qualitative kind (the creation of completely new national institutions or structures or the replacement of existing ones). Certainly, the policy misfit of a particular Directive may in some cases appear more important on paper than in practice. We try to capture the former aspect by the term legal misfit, and calculate a kind of discount in case the practical significance is comparatively lower. For example, a new right may not have been enshrined in domestic law, but it may have related to a large part of the workforce through collective agreements.
Proactive inspections leave more room for systematic coverage and/or a (politically motivated) focus on specific questions or sectors, leading to an enforcement policy with more preventive character and long-term planning. The relationship of proactive and reactive controls is in most cases strongly influenced by whether an inspection authority has to follow all complaints or accidents at work or whether it is partially or totally free to decide whether it wants to inquire into a case. Third, the amount of time dedicated to field work, hence to inspections in the enterprises, differs considerably between member states.