By R K Sinnott
Coulson and Richardson's vintage sequence offers the scholar with an account of the basics of chemical engineering and constitutes the definitive paintings at the topic for teachers and practitioners. This quantity covers the applying of chemical engineering rules to the layout of chemical procedures and gear. After an introductory bankruptcy at the nature and technique of the layout approach and its program to the layout of chemical production techniques - next chapters conceal procedure layout and element, defense and loss prevention, apparatus choice, costings and stream sheets intensive. Later chapters disguise the special layout for apparatus for separation strategies and warmth trade. The mechanical layout of approach gear can be incorporated and a bankruptcy on extra basic web site issues closes the e-book.
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Additional resources for Coulson Richardson s Chemical Engineering
Specifying the flow (or quantity) of one component and the composition. 6 The feed stream to a reactor contains: ethylene 16 per cent, oxygen 9 per cent, nitrogen 31 per cent, and hydrogen chloride. If the ethylene flow is 5000 kg/h, calculate the individual component flows and the total stream flow. All percentages are by weight. Solution General rule: the ratio of the flow of any component to the flow of any other component is the same as the ratio of the compositions of the two components. 6 could have been calculated directly from the ratio of the percentage to that of ethylene, and the ethylene flow.
In engineering design the objective will invariably be an economic one. For a chemical process, the overall objective for the operating company will be to maximise profits. This will give rise to sub-objectives, which the designer will work to achieve. The main sub-objective will usually be to minimise operating costs. Other sub-objectives may be to reduce investment, maximise yield, reduce labour requirements, reduce maintenance, operate safely. When choosing his objectives the designer must keep in mind the overall objective.
The greater the uncertainty in the design methods and data, the bigger the design factor that must be used. 8. SYSTEMS OF UNITS To be consistent with the other volumes in this series, SI units have been used in this book* However, in practice the design methods, data and standards which the designer will use are often only available in the traditional scientific and engineering units. Chemical engineering has always used a diversity of units; embracing the scientific CGS and MKS systems, and both the American and British engineering systems.