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By Michael Glantz

Environmental degradation within the Aral Sea basin in important Asia has been a touchstone for expanding public knowledge of environmental concerns. The Aral hindrance has been touted as a "quiet Chernobyl" and as one of many worst human-made environmental catastrophes of the 20th century. This multidisciplinary e-book is the 1st to comprehensively describe the gradual onset of low grade yet incremental alterations (i.e., creeping environmental switch) that affected the zone and its peoples. via a collection of case reports, it describes how the region's decision-makers allowed those adjustments to develop into an environmental and societal nightmare. It outlines many classes to be realized for different parts present process hazardous creeping environmental switch, and offers a huge instance of ways to procedure such failures for college students and researchers of environmental stories, international swap, political technological know-how and background.

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Additional info for Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in the Aral Sea Basin

Sample text

They may require ‘creeping solutions’ — incremental steps that can be taken to improve the health of the people, the economy and the environment. In this way, solutions will also work to achieve the region’s vision and goals for sustainable development (see Agarwal, 1996). By addressing creeping environmental problems through planned, incremental steps, the nations of the region may improve their efforts at sustainable resource management. As a final comment, the international community and the Central Asian Republics have defined a disaster zone that encompasses the southern region of the Aral Sea.

The largest zones of exposed seabed are found in the eastern and southeastern areas of the sea. In this area the sea has retreated by tens of kilometers. The initial differences of natural conditions provided an opportunity to identify different landscape zones on the dried bottom to the south Aral Sea and to make projections about the formation of new landscape compositions on the Ecological disaster and changes in landscape composition 35 exposed seabed. A map of the locations where salt has been removed from the newly exposed surface because of wind action was also developed for the eastern and southeastern parts (Khabarov, 1991).

By 1989 such a complex occupied 200 to 250 thousand hectares (Glazovsky, 1990; Kirsta, 1989). As a result of the extension of irrigation at the Tedjen and Murgab oases, the area of saline lands increased. , 1988; Skaterschikov, 1972). Human-induced changes in the natural landscapes, similar to those which were observed in the Amudarya, were also noted in the Syrdarya basin. The impact of the Kairakkumskoe Reservoir was especially negative for the landscapes upstream from the dam and adjacent fields of the Kokand oasis because of the increase in groundwater level from the side of mountains, as a result of reservoir backwater.

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