By Alessandra Petrina
This quantity is an research of the improvement of cultural politics in Lancastrian England. It focusses on Duke Humphrey of Gloucester, brother of Henry V and Protector of britain in the course of Henry VI's minority. Humphrey's highbrow job conformed itself to the Duke's personal place within the state: the publication explores Humphrey's fee of biographies, translations of Latin texts, political pamphlets and poems, in addition to his selection of manuscripts obtained either in England and from Italian humanists. specific realization is devoted to Humphrey's donations to the college of Oxford and to his kinfolk with English poets and translators, akin to John Lydgate and Thomas Hoccleve, highlighting his contribution in the direction of the making of the nation's cultural autonomy.
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Additional info for Cultural Politics in Fifteenth-Century England: The Case of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History)
I am not sure, however, whether the definition, used in the rest of the passage as a postulate, could not be equally well applied to humanism as a whole, rather than considered a peculiarity of the English movement. The quotation continues: Interest in humanism came almost entirely from the standpoint of politics, theology, philosophy, or science; culture was not thought of as an end in itself. English statesmen, scholars, schoolmen, and ecclesiastics in general realized the practical potentialities of humanism and exploited it as such [.
8 Toynbee, Paget, Dante in English Literature from Chaucer to Cary (c. 1380–1844), London: Methuen, 1909, pp. 20–22; “The Dante MSS. ”, The Times Literary Supplement, 22 April 1920, 256. E. Craster, “Index to Duke Humphrey’s Gifts to the Old Library of the University in 1439, 1441, and 1444”, Bodleian Quarterly Record 1: 1914–16, 131–35. 10 “Lydgate and the Duchess of Gloucester”, Anglia 27: 1904, 381–98; “Two British Museum Manuscripts (Harley 2251 and Adds. 34360). A Contribution to the Bibliography of John Lydgate”, Anglia 28: 1905, 1–28, 143–44; “Poet and Patron in the Fall of Princes: Lydgate and Humphrey of Gloucester”, Anglia 38: 1914, 121–36; “Lydgate and Coluccio Salutati”, Modern Philology 25: 1927–8, 49–57.
On the other hand, there is no doubt that Humphrey’s collection did present notable differences from either his father’s or his brothers’. Yet such differences deserve a more detailed analysis. For instance, the Duke of Bedford’s attempts to build a library, using the extraordinary resources of the library in the Louvre, and even to patronise three different universities in France and England (Paris, Caen, and Oxford), were doomed to repeated disappointments; therefore, it is rather difficult for the modern scholar to understand what the extent of Bedford’s cultural activity might have been.