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By Mechthild Gretsch;

This ebook explores the principles of the highbrow renaissance in late-tenth-century England, together with either the English Benedictine reform and the institution via Æthelwold, Bishop of Winchester, of his influential college. The early levels of Æthelwold's scholarly occupation are explored and new gentle is shed at the position which King Æthelstan's cosmopolitan court docket performed. largely influential outdated English texts are definitively attributed to Æthelwold and his circle, which attest to the significance that the reformers hooked up to the vernacular.

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2. For a listing of A-type and D-type material in these psalters, see above, pp. 26±7.

298±301. 22 Psalters and psalter glosses in Anglo-Saxon England form of a book of the OT which had always been of utmost importance in the liturgy. However, the version iuxta Hebraeos is found in early pandects (complete Bibles), such as the `Codex Amiatinus', s. viiiin, of English (Wearmouth±Jarrow) origin, now Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Amiatino 1. 44 Otherwise, in English psalter manuscripts (as opposed to Bibles) the Romanum text is found invariably in books written up to the middle of the tenth century, the Gallicanum becoming established only gradually in the wake of the Benedictine reform with its close contacts with continental reformed monasteries.

13. Cf. Bede, De schematibus et tropis, ed. Kendall, pp. 147±8. For Bede's usual adherence to the Romanum text, see his De arte metrica, ed. Kendall, p. 175, n. 4. On these imported psalters, see below, pp. 274±7; on the special importance of the Romanum for the Anglo-Saxon church, see below, pp. 287±96. For the three recensions of the psalter (Romanum, Gallicanum and Hebraicum), see (brie¯y) ODCC, pp. 1344 (`Psalter'), 1410 (`Roman Psalter') and 652 (`Gallican Psalter'); see further E. F. Sutcliffe, `Jerome', in Cambridge History of the Bible, ed.

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